Bones Uncovered

 

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Antlers, badger skull and bear skull

Finding bones while out hiking may be leaving you with a chill down your spine. But once you’ve taken a closer look and realize that they’re not human remains may have wondering what it was.

A few simple ways to determine the kind of animal bones you’re seeing is size.  What kind of animals are in the vicinity? If you’re looking at the skull eye socket size will tell you what kind of vision it had. Cats and owls would be a good example of that, they have big round eyes and eye sockets.   The teeth can tell you whether or not it’s a herbivore (large wide teeth) a carnivore (very pointy teeth) or an omnivore (both kinds).

Wendel, CA 310

Long horn cow skull

Bones are often used in displays that you probably don’t even think of. Old west decor and Halloween decorations.  Bones are just part of the life cycle. It’s a reminder of how fleeting life can be. Often displayed in flower beds, a cue to stop and smell the roses.

Some bones facts: 

The study of bones is called osteology.  Anthropologists also study bones mostly related to humanity and effects of the past.  Zooarchaeologist  study animal bones.

Function of bones: Main functions of bone include protection, structure, facilitating movement and hearing.

Bones are mainly made from calcium, phosphate and collagen. It’s a mineral storage area for the body and is constantly being remodeled. Blood cells are made in the interior of the bone.

People are born with about 300 bones.  An adult has 206 bones.  The largest bone in our body is the femur (thigh bone) and the smallest the staples or stirrup (found in the middle ear).

Antlers are considered bone structures that usually shed  in late winter or early spring.